The practice of options backdating has landed many companies into the hotseat.

The SEC constantly investigates possible instances where high level executives have been issued options at a past point in time (or backdating) where the underlying stock's price was at a low.

Therefore, if executives backdate the excercise date of an option to a day (from at least a year ago) when the stock's price was at a low, they can potentially cut the amount of taxes that they pay by as much as 50%.

the ethics of repricing and backdating employee stock options-20

Enter "south america" and "chess" and you'll get back words like "checkuador". It uses the Datamuse API to find related words, and then finds combinations of these words that pair well together phonetically.

Note: The algorithm tries reconstruct a spelling for the new word after generating its pronunciation, and sometimes this spelling isn't quite right.

Given the current popularity of factor investing it seems a good time to review what happened that summer and discuss its relevance for today.""Lots of you will already be familiar with Wes Gray, and those of you who are not are in for a treat.

Wes is the founder of Alpha Architect, a firm which manages quantitative equity strategies for clients using factors like value and momentum.

There are three main forms of compensation that most corporations pay to their employees.

The primary type of compensation, of course, is cash, which comes in the form of hourly wages, contract income, salaries, bonuses, matching retirement plan contributions, and lifetime payouts from defined benefit plans.

Under intrinsic value methods used at the time, companies could issue "at-the-money" stock options without recording any expense on their income statements, as the options were considered to have no initial intrinsic value.

(In this instance, intrinsic value is defined as the difference between the grant price and the market price of the stock, which at the time of grant would be equal).

Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs.

For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get back words like "gazellephant" and "gorilldebeest".

This way the executive would be granted options with a very low strike price, so that they are quite often already deep in the money.