Beowulf has long attracted poet-translators, of which that by Seamus Heaney is merely one of the most recent and best known example.

The strong are, as a matter of fact, never absolutely strong, nor are the weak absolutely weak, but neither is aware of this. Where there is no room for reflection, there is none either for justice or prudence."--Simone Weil (from "The Iliad, or The Poem of Force")In this course, we are going to focus primarily on the Old English epic poem Beowulf, and on the subject of ancient and modern warfare.

Perhaps all men, by virtue of being born, are destined to suffer violence; yet this is a truth to which circumstance shuts men's eyes. The man who is the possessor of force seems to walk through a non-resistant element; in the human substance that surrounds him nothing has the power to interpose, between the impulse and the act, the tiny interval that is reflection.

Educational aims: To offer a detailed survey of the linguistic, critical, and cultural issues raised by studying the Anglo - Saxon poem, Beowulf, the longest extant Old English poem.

That is, assessment of: the dating of the poem and its implications for literary interpretation; genre (heroic, epic, or encyclopaedic), style and metre, structure, themes (heroism, kingship, feud, monstrosity, beliefs); major critical interpretations of the poem (Christian and/or pagan, consolation and celebration, implications of the poem for the study of gender in the early medieval world); and, finally, the cultural world of the Migration Age as represented in the poem.

) is an Old English epic poem consisting of 3,182 alliterative lines.

It may be the oldest surviving long poem in Old English and is commonly cited as one of the most important works of Old English literature.

A date of composition is a matter of contention among scholars; the only certain dating pertains to the manuscript, which was produced between 9. Beowulf, a hero of the Geats, comes to the aid of Hrothgar, the king of the Danes, whose mead hall in Heorot has been under attack by a monster known as Grendel.

After Beowulf slays him, Grendel's mother attacks the hall and is then also defeated.

Along the way, it has also generated (and continues to generate) some more sober (but no less interesting) literary criticism.

These topics will form the basis of our critical investigation into the poem.

Helen Damico presents the first concentrated discussion of the initiatory two-thirds of Beowulf’s 3,182 lines in the context of the sociopolitically turbulent years that composed the first half of the eleventh century in Anglo-Danish England.