Sedatives work by slowing down brain activity resulting in drowsiness or relaxation.Many types, though, including barbiturates (like Nembutal) and benzodiazepines (like Valium and Xanax) have the potential for abuse and severe accompanying complications.

Such interventions are done to prevent harm to patients and others and to allow evaluation of the cause of the behavior (eg, by taking vital signs and doing blood tests).

Once the patient is restrained, close monitoring, sometimes involving constant observation by a trained sitter, is required.

Dependence Syndrome Due To Use Of Sedatives Or Hypnotics F13 - ICD10 Description, World Health Organization Repeated use of sedatives or hypnotics that typically includes a strong desire to take the drug, difficulties in controlling its use, persisting in its use despite harmful consequences, a higher priority given to drug use than to other activities and obligations, increased tolerance, and a physical withdrawal state.

Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Use Disorder - Diagnostic Criteria, American Psychiatric Association An individual diagnosed with sedative, hypnotic, or anxiolytic use disorder needs to meet all of the following criteria: This class of substances include all prescription sleeping medications and almost all prescription antianxiety medications.

They are used in conjunction with surgery and are prescribed to treat pain, anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia , and in some cases, convulsions.

Most people who take prescription sedatives take them responsibly and benefit from their use. They may do so unintentionally by increasing their prescribed dose without medical advice.Sedatives are central nervous system (CNS) depressants, a category of drugs that slow normal brain function.There are various kinds of CNS depressants, most of which act on the brain by affecting the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).Despite their many beneficial effects, barbiturates and benzodiazepines have the potential for abuse and should be used only as prescribed.During the first few days after taking a prescribed CNS depressant, a person usually feels drowsy and uncoordinated, however this will diminish.When taken exactly as prescribed, sedatives rarely create major health risks.