"Men of all ages and backgrounds commonly recalled periods when they experienced some form of mental breakdown." Khat, a leaf that is chewed for several hours, has become a "social epidemic," said Said Mohamed, one of the researchers. "Men feel useless." After the collapse of Barre's government, which was the country's major employer, many Somali men lost their jobs, causing a "personal catastrophe for many men, from which many have not recovered," the report said.

The cleric warned about the futility of putting an undue financial burden on the groom. “Well, if that girl’s dowry was $15,000, then mine has to be $20, 000,” the bride said.

To the chagrin of some of those present, Guled said, the bride reminded her father about a young lady who had gotten married a week earlier. “She is no better than I am.” Guled couldn’t believe what was happening before his eyes.

She received international attention as a critic of Islam and advocate for the rights and self-determination of Muslim women, actively opposing forced marriage, honor violence, child marriage and female genital mutilation.

She has founded an organisation for the defense of women's rights, the AHA Foundation.

Ayaan Hirsi Ali is a Fellow with the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, a Fellow with the Future of Diplomacy Project at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at The Harvard Kennedy School, a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington DC, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

In 2003, Hirsi Ali was elected a member of the House of Representatives (the lower house of the Dutch parliament), representing the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).

Her works are accused of using neo-Orientalist portrayals and of being an enactment of the colonial "civilizing mission" discourse.

Her father, Hirsi Magan Isse, was a prominent member of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front and a leading figure in the Somalian Revolution.

"The picture that emerges is really a very depressing one," said Judith Gardner, one of the report's authors.

The men "join al Shabaab or another militia group that would pay (them) a salary ... Rates of divorce were reported to be "very high," with some men in their 20s having been married more than three times.

In the wake of the massacre in Garissa, the Kenyan government has been harshly criticized by its citizens for missing the clues of an impending attack by the Somali Al Qaeda affiliate Al Shabaab.